Amblyopia is usually treated before surgery to correct misaligned eyes, and patching is often continued after surgery as well.
If your Eye Doctor finds a cataract or other abnormality, surgery is required to correct the problem. After surgery, glasses or contact lenses can be used to restore focusing, while patching improves vision.
The weaker eye must be made stronger in order to see normally. Prescribing glasses or performing surgery can correct the cause of amblyopia, but your Eye Doctor must also treat the amblyopia itself.
If amblyopia is not treated, several problems may occur:
- The amblyopic eye may develop a serious and permanent visual defect
- Depth perception (seeing in three dimensions) may be lost
- If the good eye becomes diseased or injured, a lifetime of poor vision may be the result
Your Eye Doctor can give you instructions on how to treat amblyopia, but it is up to you and your child to carry out this treatment.
Successful treatment mostly depends on your interest and involvement, as well as your ability to gain your child’s cooperation. In most cases, parents play an important role in determining whether their child’s amblyopia is to be corrected.